castigate

castigate
I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
v. t. criticize; correct, punish. See disapprobation, punishment.
II
(Roget's IV) v.
Syn. chastise, reprimand, rebuke; see censure , punish .
See Synonym Study at punish .
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) (VOCABULARY WORD) v.
[KAS tuh GATE]
to criticize harshly or punish.
The dictator liked to castigate his underlings in public.
SYN.: punish, criticize, chastise, scold, rebuke, discipline, reproach, admonish, *take to task, reprimand, berate, bawl out, blister, *rake over the coals, lambaste, tongue-lash.
ANT.: praise, compliment, laud
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) verb 1. To subject (one) to a penalty for a wrong: chastise, correct, discipline, penalize, punish. See REWARD. 2. To criticize for a fault or an offense: admonish, call down, chastise, chide, dress down, rap1, rebuke, reprimand, reproach, reprove, scold, tax, upbraid. Informal: bawl out, lambaste. Slang: chew out. Idioms: bring (or call or take) to task, call on the carpet, haul (or rake) over the coals, let someone have it. See ATTACK, PRAISE.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • castigate — (v.) c.1600, from L. castigatus, pp. of castigare to correct; to purify; chastise, punish, from castus pure (see CASTE (Cf. caste)) + agere to do. Sense of make someone pure by correcting or reproving him. If thou didst put this soure cold habit… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Castigate — Cas ti*gate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Castigated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Castigating}.] [L. castigatus, p. p. of castigare to correct, punish; castus pure, chaste + agere to move, drive. See {Caste}, and cf. {Chasten}.] 1. To punish by stripes; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • castigate — I verb admonish, be severe, berate, call to account, castigare, caution, censure bitterly, chasten, chastise, chide, criticize severely, deal retributive justice, discipline, excoriate, execrate, expostulate, objurgate, rebuke, remonstrate,… …   Law dictionary

  • castigate — vb chastise, *punish, chasten, discipline, correct Analogous words: *beat, baste, thrash, pummel, belabor: berate, tongue lash, rate, upbraid, wig, rail (see SCOLD): *penalize, fine, amerce, mulct …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • castigate — [v] criticize severely baste, bawl out*, beat, berate, blister, cane, censure, chasten, chastise, chew out*, come down on*, correct, criticize, discipline, drag over the coals*, dress down*, drub, excoriate, flay, flog, jump down one’s throat*,… …   New thesaurus

  • castigate — ► VERB ▪ reprimand severely. DERIVATIVES castigation noun castigator noun. ORIGIN Latin castigare reprove , from castus pure, chaste …   English terms dictionary

  • castigate — [kas′ti gāt΄] vt. castigated, castigating [< L castigatus, pp. of castigare, to purify, chastise < castus, pure (see CASTE) + agere: see ACT1] to punish or rebuke severely, esp. by harsh public criticism SYN. PUNISH castigation n.… …   English World dictionary

  • castigate — [[t]kæ̱stɪgeɪt[/t]] castigates, castigating, castigated VERB If you castigate someone or something, you speak to them angrily or criticize them severely. [FORMAL] [V n] Marx never lost an opportunity to castigate colonialism... [V n for n/ ing]… …   English dictionary

  • castigate — UK [ˈkæstɪɡeɪt] / US [ˈkæstɪˌɡeɪt] verb [transitive] Word forms castigate : present tense I/you/we/they castigate he/she/it castigates present participle castigating past tense castigated past participle castigated formal to criticize someone or… …   English dictionary

  • castigate — transitive verb ( gated; gating) Etymology: Latin castigatus, past participle of castigare more at chasten Date: 1606 to subject to severe punishment, reproof, or criticism Synonyms: see punish • castigation noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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